Heart Angioplasty

Heart Angioplasty Surgery And Recovery

Patients suffering from heart-related condition are likely to face at one moment or the other a vessel blockage and they’ll find out what is angioplasty surgery on their own skins. But what exactly is the procedure and what risks exist after it’s performed? People should have all this information before going to the doctor, in order to understand better what they will pass through.

What exactly is angioplasty surgery?

This surgical operation it’s meant to clear out the way for the blood flow inside the blood vessels. From time to time, a waxy substance made of cholesterol, fats, and fibrin and generally known as “plaque” forms deposits on the arteries’ walls and makes it very difficult, if not impossible for blood to pass to and from the heart. Here is where the heart surgery angioplasty can be life saving. The procedure consists of the insertion of a catheter and a balloon inside the vessel. Once it gets to the affected area, the balloon is inflated at a very high water pressure and destroys the plaque to allow the blood to circulate normally.

After this is accomplished, the balloon is collapsed and removed. The catheter will remain inside for a few more hours in order to facilitate another emergency intervention, in case of complications. The patients, who have a genetic predisposition to develop vessel blockages, remain with a metallic stent inside the vessel, in order to prevent its re-closure.

How many types of heart surgery angioplasty are there?

There are mainly three types of interventions, depending on the condition and the historical evolution of a patient’s illness.

• Primary angioplasty – this is done immediately after the patient has suffered a heart attack; in order to be 100% effective it must be done within six hours from the stroke. There are also cases when all efforts are in vain because the heart is too weak to pump blood into the vessels and the angioplasty would have a reverse effect of the one desired: it would actually favor the accumulation of blood into the lungs and cause the suffocation of the patient, in the end.

• Rescue angioplasty – used when drugs and medicines are not effective and the patient’s condition is worsening

• Staged angioplasty – this type of intervention is done if the patient shows no signs of improvement after a few days of hospitalization.

What’s the angioplasty bypass surgery?

This type of angioplasty surgery is more complicated than a regular angioplasty, because the patient’s heart is actually stopped during the procedures and he is artificially kept alive. The doctors take an artery from a part of the body that doesn’t necessarily need it and connects it to the aorta and to the other end of the blocked area. This way the blood can easily continue its flow. The angioplasty bypass surgery solves the problem for at least 10-15 years.

The best way patients can find out what is angioplasty surgery and if they need one is to discuss with their doctors and ask for extra-explanation every time they don’t understand a procedure or a technique.